蓋特威克機場

蓋特威克機場

倫敦蓋特威克機場(英語:London Gatwick Airport;IATA:LGW;ICAO:EGKK),台灣作倫敦蓋威克機場,港澳作倫敦格域機場。以乘客流量計算,蓋特威克機場是英國第二大機場(僅次于倫敦希思羅機場)。它亦是全球最繁忙的單跑道機場,以及乘客量計全球第六最繁忙的機場等。機場以北39公裏達大倫敦西敏市,以南37公裏達布賴頓-霍夫。

  • 中文名稱
    蓋特威克機場
  • 外文名稱
    London Gatwick Airport
  • 地址
    台灣
  • 時間
    2005年
  • 台灣稱呼
    倫敦蓋威克機場

簡介

倫敦蓋特威克機場倫敦蓋特威克機場

2005年,蓋特威克機場接待超過3260萬名乘客,2008年蓋特威克機場的年旅客吞吐能力達到4000 萬人。 航線所及的目的地超過200個。由于希斯羅機場一般情況下並不準許航空公司經營包機服務,不少提供包機服務的航空公司都因此改為使用蓋特威克機場作為基地。希斯羅機場對跨大西洋航線的限製亦令蓋特威克機場擁有不少來往美國的航班。英航及維珍航空都以蓋特威克機場為第二航運中心。

蓋特威克機場擁有兩條跑道,但平日隻有使用08R/26L跑道。另一條跑道(08L/26R)隻會在緊急或維修時使用。

歷史

意外

蓋特威克機場平面圖蓋特威克機場平面圖

1959年2月17日,一架屬于土耳其航空公司的維克斯子爵式(Vickers Viscount)客機在降落蓋特威克機場時于Horley附近墜毀,撞毀一些樹及沖入了一間屋。機上22位人士隻有10位生還。其中一位生還者是當時的土耳其首相孟德瑞斯(Adnan Menderes)。

1969年1月5日,阿裏亞納阿富汗航空公司(Ariana Afghan Airlines)一架編號701由德國法蘭克福國際機場起飛的航班,于蓋特威克機場嘗試在低能見度的情況下降落時,因副翼延伸的幅度不夠大,在最後進場時速度太低,不能保持飛行,結果沖入一間房屋。66位機上人員中有50位死亡,地面上亦有2名人士死亡。

客運大樓

蓋特威克機場分為北客運大樓南客運大樓。共有94 個登機口, 57 個登機堆橋, 16 個行李傳送帶, 5,000個臨時停車場, 22,500個固定停車場, 2 機場 酒店,郵局, 外幣兌換, 貨幣自動兌換機, 飲食, 餐廳, 酒吧, 貴賓休息室, 免稅店, 書報/煙酒店, 化妝品店, 禮品店, 旅行社, 旅遊服務台, 在機場提供服務的計程車公司, 出在機場提供服務的計程車公司, 急救中心, 嬰兒室, 殘疾人設施, 商務中心

北客運大樓

北客運站地圖北客運站地圖

北客運大樓的建築在1983年開始。這是1980年代其中一個在倫敦最大的工程計畫。這大樓在1998年開幕,還在1991年擴建。 停泊于北客運大樓的航空公司有:

亞德裏亞航空(盧布爾雅那)

Air Comet (Madrid)

法國航空

法國航空 operated by Brit Air (Strasbourg)

納米比亞航空 (溫得和克)

Air Southwest (Newquay, Plymouth)

Arkia Israel Airlines (Tel Aviv)

美國航空(Dallas/Fort Worth, Raleigh/Durham [ends March 29])

Astraeus (Accra, Alghero, Aqaba, Aswan, Banjul, Bastia, Bergen, Bodrum, Brescia, Calvi, Chambery, Corfu, Deer Lake, Dubrovnik, El Alamein, Fagernes, Freetown, Geneva, Hassi Messaoud, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kuusamo, Las Palmos, Malabo, Malaga, Monrovia, Murcia, Murmansk, Mykonos, Olbia, Paphos, Preveza, St. John's, Salzburg, Sharm El Sheikh, Split, Taba, Tenerife, Thira, Uralsk, Zadar, Zakinthos)

英國航空(Aberdeen, Algiers [ends March 30],Amsterdam, Antigua, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bari, Bermuda, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bridgetown, Cagliari, Catania, Dallas/Fort Worth [ends March 30],Dresden, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Geneva, Genoa [begins March 30],Glasgow-International, Grenada, Grenoble, Houston-Intercontinental [ends March 30],Izmir, Jersey, Kingston, Krakow, Luxembourg, Madrid, Manchester, Marseille, Naples, Newquay, Nice, Orlando, Pisa, Port of Spain, Prague, Priština, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, St Lucia, Split, Tampa, Tirana, Thessaloniki, Tobago, Toulouse, Turin, Varna, Venice, Verona, Warsaw [begins March 30],Zürich)

英國航空 operated by GB Airways(Agadir, Ajaccio, Alicante, Arrecife, Bastia, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fez [starts Winter 07],Funchal, Gibraltar, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marrakech, Montpellier, Mykonos, Nantes, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rhodes, Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife South, Tunis)

Brussels Airlines (Brussels)

Clickair (Seville)

Continental Airlines(Cleveland [seasonal],Houston-Intercontinental, Newark)

Cyprus Turkish Airlines (Antalya, Dalaman)

Daallo Airlines (Djibouti)

Delta Air Lines (Atlanta, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, New York-JFK)

Emirates (Dubai)

First Choice Airways(Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antayla, Antigua, Arrecife, Aruba, Banjul, Barcelona, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancún, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Holguin, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kittala, Kos, Krakow, Liberia (CR), Larnaca, Las Palmas, Ljubljana, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Malta, Mitilini, Mombasa, Monastir, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porlamar, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Porlamar, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, St. Thomas, Skiathos, Taba, Tel Aviv, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Verona, Zadar, Zakynthos)

FlyLal (Vilnius)

GB Airways Charter (Aqaba, Aswan, Geneva, Kittilla, Kuusamo, Luxor, Lyon, Salzburg)

Israir (Tel Aviv)

Malév Hungarian Airlines (Budapest)

Nationwide Airlines (Johannesburg)

Oman Air(Muscat [Begins November 15])

Royal Air Maroc (Marrakech)

Virgin Nigeria (Lagos)

南客運大樓

南客運大樓地圖南客運大樓地圖

停泊于南客運大樓的航空公司有:

Aer Lingus(Dublin [begins October])

African Safari Airways (Mombasa)

Afriqiyah Airways (Tripoli)

Air Atlanta Europe (Faro, Hurghada, Paphos, Orlando-Sanford, Sharm el-Sheikh)

Air Zimbabwe (Harare)

Air Malta (Catania, Malta)

Air Transat (Calgary, Halifax, Montréal, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver)

波羅的海航空 (Riga, Vilnius)

Alexandair (Heralion, Kos)

Aurigny Air (Guernsey)

Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku)

Belavia (Minsk)

BH Air (Bourgas, Plovdiv, Sofia, Varna)

BritishJET (Malta)

Bulgaria Air (Sofia, Varna)

Centralwings (Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw)

Croatia Airlines (Dubrovnik, Pula, Split)

Cubana de Aviación (Havana, Holguin)

easyJet(Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bucharest-Băneasa [begins October 29],Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Edinburgh, Faro, Gdansk [begins October],Geneva, Glasgow-International, Ibiza, Inverness, Innsbruck [begins October] Krakow [begins September],La Rochelle, Lisbon [begins October 30],Madrid, Malaga, Marrakech, Marseille, Menorca, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Ciampino, Sofia [begins November],Split, Toulouse, Valencia, Venice)

Estonian Air (Tallinn)

Eurocypria Airlines (Larnaca, Paphos)

European Aviation Air Charter (Rimini)

Flybe (Belfast-City, Bergerac, Guernsey, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey)

Flyglobespan (Calgary, Toronto-Hamilton, Vancouver)

Free Bird Airlines (Antalya, Dalaman)

Ghana International Airlines (Accra)

Germanwings (Hamburg)

Iberia

operated by Air Nostrum (Mahon)

Jet2.com (Newcastle)

Karthago Airlines (Monastir)

KD Avia (Kaliningrad)

LTE International Airways (Las Palmas, Palma, Tenerife)

Meridiana (Cagliari, Florence, Olbia)

Monarch Airlines (scheduled) (Alicante, Arrecife, Faro, Granada, Ibiza, Lisbon, Malaga, Murcia, Tenerife)

Monarch Airlines (charter) (Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Barcelona, Bodrum, Calgary, Cancún, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Faro, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Luxor, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Mombasa, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofio, Taba, Tenerife, Toulouse, Trivandrum, Turin, Venice, Verona, Zacinthos)

MyTravel Airways (Agadir, Almeria, Arrecife, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Corfu, Dalaman, Edmonton, Fuerteventura, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kefallinia, Kos, La Romana, Las Palmas, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Monastir, Montego Bay, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Tenerife, Toronto-Pearson, Turin, Vancouver, Zakinthos)

Northwest Airlines (Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul)

Norwegian Air Shuttle(Oslo [begins October 28])

Nouvelair Tunisia (Djerba, Monastir)

Olympic Airlines (Athens, Thessaloniki)

Onur Air (Bodrum, Dalaman)

Pegasus Airlines (Dalaman)

Qatar Airways (Doha)

Rossiya (St. Petersburg)

Ryanair (Cork, Dublin, Shannon)

Scandinavian Airlines System (Aalesund, Bergen)

SATA International (Ponta Delgada)

Sterling Airlines(Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Oslo [begins October 28],Stockholm-Arlanda)

Sudan Airways (Khartoum)

Superfly (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi) [begins October 1]

TAP Portugal (Funchal, Lisbon, Porto)

TAROM (Bacău, Cluj) [starts October 28]

Thomsonfly(Agadir, Alghero, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancun, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enontekio, Faro, Figari, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kos, La Palma [begins November 2007],Lamezia, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Luxor, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Montego Bay, Niš [seasonal],Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Reus, Rovaniemi, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Sofia, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Verona, Zakynthos)

Thomas Cook Airlines (Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Cayo Coco, Corfu, Cunagua, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Halifax, Hassi Messaoud, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Monastir, Montréal, Munich, Orlando-Sanford, Ottawa, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofia, Split, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Turin, Vancouver, Varadero, Verona, Zakinthos)

Ukraine International Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil)

US Airways (Charlotte, Philadelphia)

Viking Airlines (Heraklion)

Virgin Atlantic(Antigua, Barbados, Grenada, Havana, Kingston [begins October 30],Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Orlando, St Lucia, Tobago)

Wizz Air(Katowice [begins January 31])

XL Airways (Alicante, Algarve, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Athens, Barbados, Bastia, Bodrum, Brescia, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Goa, Grenada, Heraklion, Holguin, Hurghada, Kalamata, Kavala, Kefallina, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lemnos, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mitilini, Mombasa, Murcia, Mykonos, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Pula, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Samos, Santa Clara, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, St. Kitts,St.lucia, Taba, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Tobago, Volos, Zakinthos)

Zoom Airlines (Canada) (Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg)

Zoom Airlines (UK) (Bermuda, New York-JFK)

機場交通設施

鐵路運輸

旅客可乘搭英國南方鐵路(en:Southern),第一首都連線(en:First Capital Connect),維珍(en:Virgin Trains)或第一大西方連線(en:First Great Western Link)的火車前往倫敦市中心的維多利亞站(Victoria Station),倫敦橋站(London Bridge Station)或英國南部的布萊頓站(Brighton)。南方鐵路亦設有“格域特快列車”(en:Gatwick Express)從蓋特威克機場直達維多利亞站。旅客亦可透過維珍的列車前往牛津伯明翰曼徹斯特等北方城市。

1、火車 有一列蓋特威克特快連結維多利亞與蓋特威克。 出了海關,過了高架橋便是火車站。月台在一層。乘直達特快列車到倫敦約30分鍾。

2、巴士 乘"空中航線777"(FLIGHT LINE 777)到維多利亞長途汽車站約需70分鍾。

公路運輸

長途汽車和公共汽車目的地:Heathrow, central London , Bristol , Brighton, Birmingham , Oxford , Cambridge and Norwich。

National Express and Oxford Bus Company在南北候機樓都設有服務台。

當地的公共汽車服務運行目的地:Crawley , Horley and Redhill,以及其他地方。

Fastway (route 10), Gatwick Direct (route 200), and Gatwick Direct (route 100)是機場主要服務巴士。

機場聯系方式

機場地址: Enterprise House, Bassingbourne Road, Essex CM24 1QW, UK

電話: (0)870 000 2468

E-mail: gatwick_feedback@baa.com

網址:www.gatwickairport.com

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