蓋丘亞語

蓋丘亞語

蓋丘亞語(Quechua)是一種美洲土著語系,主要套用于南美洲安第斯山脈一帶,它源自一種古老的通用語言 Proto-Quechua。它是美洲土生土長的原住民使用最廣泛的語系,總計大概有六到八百萬的人在使用這種語言。 使用這種語系的人主要分布在阿根廷、玻利維亞、巴西、智利、哥倫比亞、厄瓜多和秘魯等南美國家。

  • 中文名稱
    蓋丘亞語
  • 外文名稱
    Quechua
  • 套用地區
    南美洲安第斯山脈一帶
  • 性    質
    美洲土著語系

特點

​蓋丘亞語(西班牙語、英語Quechua)(蓋丘亞語Qhichwa shimi / Runa Shimi)是南美洲原住民的語言。克丘亞語對自己的語言稱呼為Runa Simi,runa意為"人",simi意為"語"。

蓋丘亞語有許多"方言",有時被看成彼此相關但獨立的語言,情況有點類似漢語。克丘亞語的各"方言"(或是獨立但彼此相關的語言)自成一個語系--蓋丘亞語系(Quechuan languages)。這些語言分布在阿根廷、玻利維亞、巴西、智利、哥倫比亞、厄瓜多、秘魯等地方。

使用區域

蓋丘亞語在玻利維亞有等同西班牙語及艾瑪拉語的全國性官方語言的地位,根據SIL的資料,在玻利維亞有官方地位的克丘亞語為北玻利維亞克丘亞語(North Bolivian Quechua)(1978年有116,483人)與南玻利維亞克丘亞語(South Bolivian Quechua)(1987年有3,637,500人)。另外克丘亞語在秘魯、哥倫比亞及厄瓜多的一些地區有地方性的官方語言的地位。以各種克丘亞語為第一語言的使用人口總計有960萬人,使用各種克丘亞語的人口總計有1400萬人。

生活用語

英語蓋丘亞語
WelcomeHaykuykuy!
HelloRimaykullayki
How are you?
Fine, and you?
¿Allillanchu?
Allillanmi. ¿Qamrí?
What's your name?
My name is ...
¿Imataq sutiyki?
X Sutiymi ...
Where are you from?
I'm from ...
¿Maymantataq kanki taytay?
...manta kani
Pleased to meet youAnchatam kusikusani riqsisuspayki
Good morningWuynus diyas
Good afternoonWuynas tardis
Good eveningWuynas nuchis
Good nightAllin tuta
GoodbyeTutañam, ripusaq
Good luckHina kachun!
Cheers/Good health!Khali kaq kachun! ¡Prosit!
Have a nice dayAllin p'unchay kachun
Bon appetitAllin mikuna
Bon voyageAllin purina
Do you understand?¿Intindinkichu? ¿Hapinkichu?
I understandIntindini
I don't understandMana hapisanichu
I don't knowMana yachanichu
Please speak more slowly¿Allichu, Allillamanta rimaykuwankimanchu?
Please say that again¿Yapa chayta rimaykuwankimanchu
Please write it downAllichu qilqaykuway
Do you speak English?Inlista rimankichu?
Do you speak Spanish?Kastillanuta rimankichu?
Do you speak Quechua?
Yes, a little
¿Runasimita rimankichu?
Arí
How do you say ... in Quechua?¿Imaynataq munan chay runasimipi?
Excuse mePampachaway
How much is this?¿Hayk'ataq kay?
SorryPampachaykuway
PleaseAllichu
Thank you
Response
Solpayki
Hinallatapas
Where's the toilet?¿Maypi bañu?
This gentleman/lady
will pay for everything
Kay wiracocha
Would you like to
dance with me?
¿Tusuwankimanchu?
I miss youMunapakuyki, wañurikusani qamrayku
I love youKuyayki
Get well soonKhali kaq kachun
Go away!Ripuy!
Leave me alone!Kapuwan kay!
Help!
Yanapaway!
Call the police!Wardiyata waqyay!
Merry Christmas
and Happy New Year
Sumaq kausay kachun Navidad qampaq
Happy BirthdayKusikuy wata hunt'asqayki punchay
One language
is never enough
Huq simi mana askhachu yachanapaq / rimanapaq

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