抱薪救火

抱薪救火

抱薪救火,中國古代成語,出自《史記·魏世家》中蘇代與魏安釐王的一段對話"且夫以地事秦,譬猶抱薪救火,薪不盡,火不滅。"意為:抱著柴草去救火。比喻用錯誤的方法去消除災禍,結果使災禍反而擴大。它告誡我們解決問題或消除災禍,隻有看清事物本質,用正確的方法去處理,否則隻會使問題更加嚴重,災禍繼續擴大。

  • 色彩
    貶義詞
  • 中文名
    抱薪救火
  • 外文名
    CarryingFaggotstoPutOutaFire
  • 註音
    bàoxīnjiùhuǒ
  • 釋義
    抱著柴草去救火。
  • 寓意
    解決辦法錯誤,會使災禍擴大。
  • 出處
    《史記-魏世家》

成語解釋

【漢字書寫】抱薪救火

抱薪救火

【漢語註音】bào xīn jiù huǒ

【成語釋義】抱著柴草去救火。比喻用錯誤的方法去消除災禍,結果使災禍反而擴大。薪,柴草。

【感情色彩】貶義詞

【文法結構】連動式

【成語用法】一般作謂語、賓語、定語、賓語。比喻沒能阻止,反而擴大了災禍。常用來比喻人惹了禍事,自討苦吃。含貶義。

【近 義 詞】火上澆油飲鴆止渴引足救經適得其反、南轅北轍、負薪救火

【反 義 詞】雪中送炭、根除禍患、釜底抽薪

成語典故

古漢語原文

西漢·司馬遷《史記·魏世家》:"且夫以地事秦,譬猶抱薪救火,薪不盡,火不滅。"

《戰國策·魏策》:"以地事秦,譬如抱薪而救火也,薪不盡而火不止。"

《文子 精誠》:" 夫水濁者魚[口撿去手],政苛者民亂,上多欲即下多詐,上煩擾即下不定,上多求即下交爭,不治其本而救之于末,無以異于鑿渠而止水,抱薪而救火。

現代漢語釋義

戰國時代,魏國老是受到秦國的侵略。魏國的安釐王即位後,秦國加緊了進攻,魏國連連戰敗。安釐王元年,秦國進攻魏國,魏國失去了兩個城鎮;第二年,魏國又失去了三個城鎮,不僅如此,秦國的軍隊當時還直逼魏國的都城,情勢十分危急。韓國派兵來救,但也被秦軍打敗。魏國沒有辦法,隻得割讓了土地,才算了結了戰爭;可是到了第三年,秦國又發動進攻,強佔了魏國的兩個城鎮,並殺死了數萬人。第四年,秦國更把魏、韓、趙三國軍隊,一起打得大敗,殺死兵士十五萬人;魏國的大將芒卯也因此失蹤。

抱薪救火

魏國軍隊的接連敗北,使安釐王坐臥不安。此時,魏國軍隊的另一位大將段幹子也十分恐懼,為了苟安,便向安釐王建議,把南陽割給秦國,請求罷兵議和,安釐王本來對秦軍的進攻十分害怕,以為割讓土地就可以求得太平,便照著段幹子的話做了。

當時有個叫蘇代的,是一貫主張"合縱抗秦"的蘇秦的弟弟,他也極力主張各諸侯國聯合起來抵抗秦國。蘇代得知魏國割地求和的事後,就對安釐王說:"侵略者都是貪得無厭的,你想用領土、權利,去換取和平,是辦不到的,隻要你國土還在,就無法滿足侵略的欲望。這好比抱著柴草去救火,柴草一把一把地投入火中,火怎麽能撲滅呢?柴草一天不燒完,火是一天不會熄滅的。"盡管蘇代講得頭頭是道,但是膽小的安釐王隻顧眼前的太平,一味地委屈求和,根本不聽蘇代的話,還是依大臣們的意見把魏國大片土地割讓給秦國。到公元前225年,果然秦軍又向魏國大舉進攻,包圍了國都大梁,掘開黃河大堤讓洪水淹沒了大梁城,魏國終于被秦國滅掉了。

英文翻譯

抱薪救火

Carrying Faggots to Put Out a Fire

In the last years of the Warring States period, the State of Qin attacked the State of Wei on a large scale repeatedly and occupied large areas of land, for the State of Wei was too weak to defend itself. In 273 B.B., the qin army launched another attack upon the State of Wei with a momentum more vigorous than ever. The king of the State of Wei summoned his officials,and asked with a worried look if anyone co uld propose a way to defeat the Qin army. After years of chaos caused by the wars,the officials trembled when fighting was mentioned, and no one dared to speak of resistance. At the critical moment when a large enemy force was bearing down upon the border, most of the offinials persuaded the king to sue for peace, at the cost of giving away to the State of Qin the large area of land north of the Huanghe River and south of the Taihang Mountain. However Su Dai, a counsellor, did not agree. He hurried up to the king and said:"Your Majesty, they don't think about the interests of the country at all .It is just because they are cowardly and afraid of death that they ask you to sue for peace by betraying the country. Of course you can temperarily satisfy the ambition of the king of the State of Qin is insatiably greedy. It will never stop assaulting us until our land is totally given away."Once there was a man whose house was on fire. People told him to put out the fire with water, but he would not listen. Instead, he carried a faggot to put out the fire, only to make the fire fiercer. That was because he didn't know that,instead of putting out the fire, faggots could only make it burning more vigorously. Isn't it equivalent to carrying faggots to put out a fire if you agree to sue for peace at the cost of the land of the State of Wei?"Though Su Dai's argument was very convincing, the king accepted the suggestion of those officials and gave away to the State of Qin a large area of the land of the State of Wei. For the king of the State of Wei was cowardly and only cared for peace at the moment. As might be expected,the Qin army assaulted the State of Wei on a large scale in 225 B.C.,surrounding the capital city Daliang and flooding it by digging open the dykes of the Huanghe River.The State of Wei was finally destroyed by the State of Qin.This story appears in the Historical Records Written by Sima Qian.The set phrase"carrying faggots to put out a fire"is used to mean adopting a wrong method to save a situation and ending up by making it worse.

抱薪救火

詞語辨析

面對著強秦的步步緊逼,膽小懦弱的魏安釐王看不清其虎狼的本質,一味地隻知道妥協退讓,割地求和,換取短暫的安寧,這無疑是抱著柴草去救火,結果隻會讓強秦的貪婪欲火越燒越旺,最終隻落得個國破家亡的慘劇。這殘酷的教訓告訴我們用錯誤的方法去消除災禍,不但不能消除災禍,反而隻會使災禍繼續擴大。它告誡我們解決問題或消除災禍,隻有看清事物本質,認真分析研究,找出正確的方法去處理,才會有助于問題的解決和災禍的消除。

成語示例

1. 當我們遇到了需要幫助的人,應該用正確的方法幫助他,而不是抱薪救火

2. 遇到困難應冷靜思考,用正確的方法解決,抱薪救火,隻會適得其反。

3.為了把經濟搞上去,就毀林開荒,這無疑于是抱薪救火

4.他們倆吵架,你不勸,反而也加進去,你這不是抱薪救火嗎?

5.醫生說,有些人一有小病就大量服用抗生素,這不僅會破壞人體的正常菌群,還會使機體產生耐葯性,這種做法實際是在抱薪救火

成語辨析

【辨形】薪:不能寫作"新"。

英文

carry faggots to put out a fire -- adopt a wrong method to save a situation and end up by making it worse;add fuel to the fire;do sth. counterproductive;fight a fire by adding fuel to it

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