Santiago Bernabéu Yeste was one of the single most important men in Real Madrid's history, and the one to whom credit can be given for transforming Real Madrid from the second most successful club in Madrid into the most successful in both Spain and Europe.
Bernabéu was born June 8 , 1895 in Almansa , province of Albacete , Spain and died June 2 , 1978 in Madrid . He was chairman of Real Madrid from 1943 to 1978. No other president kept the job for so long or led the club for so many titles as Bernabéu did.
Bernabéu first joined the club as player in 1912 . He retired from playing in 1927. In 1929 he joined the board of Real Madrid as secretary, job he would fulfill until 1935. In 1943 he was elected president, which he would remain until his death in 1978. As president of Real Madrid he is considered to have been one of the major forces behind the club's successes. He was responsible for the building of a large new stadium for the club in Chamartin. The stadium was finished in 1947 and renamed in 1953 in his honor: Estadio Santiago Bernabéu .
He was one of the creators of the European Cup, a competition which Real Madrid would dominate in its early stages thanks to the star players that Bernabéu had brought to the club. He died in 1978, while the World Cup was being played in Argentina . In his honor the FIFA decreed three days of mourning during the tournament. In 2002 he was posthumously awarded FIFA's Order of Merit.
Born in Almansa (Albacete), the 8th of June, 1895, Bernabéu's family moved to Madrid when he was very young, and Bernabéu himself joined the Real Madrid junior ranks in 1909 at age 14, after being a regular spectator at their matches for years.伯納烏先生年輕時
In 1912 when the club moved to its new location on O'Donnell street, Bernabéu was one of the volunteers who helped lay the pitch and paint the fences. He went on to join the first team at age 17 and recorded over 1200 goals as a striker, as well as wearing the captain's armband for years, before retiring as a player in 1927. He continued to be associated with the club until 1935, first as a director, before becoming assistant manager and finally manager of the first team. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, professional football ceased to be played in Spain. During the war he fought as a solider for the nationalists under Franco and was decorated for bravery.
(Post-War Accomplishments)When the war ended and football began again in Spain, Bernabéu found in Real Madrid what was to all effects a dead club. The club's ground had been destroyed in the war; finances were non-existent; there was no team, managerial staff, or administration (several had been killed or disappeared during the war) and even some of the club's trophies from their early years had been stolen. What's more, at the time the establishment club was Atlético Madrid (re-named Atlético Aviación, the Air-Force's team) and Real Madrid received no government help in rebuilding. Bernabéu proceeded to spend the next several months finding and contacting former players, directors, and club members, eventually restructuring the club.伯納烏先生
In 1943, after fan violence following a Real Madrid victory over FC Barcelona the government imposed a salomonic solution, forcing the Presidents of both clubs to resign, and Bernabéu was elected President of Real Madrid - a position he would occupy until his death on June 2, 1978.
Success did not come immediately, however. The club was still in very poor shape and other clubs, such as the aforementioned Atlético, Barcelona, and Athletic Club had very strong teams. In order to change this, Bernabéu began to implant his ideas, which can be described with hindsight as nothing short of visionary.
He restructured the club at all levels, in what would become the normal operating structure of professional clubs in the future, giving every section and level of the club independent technical teams and recruiting people who were ambitious and visionary in their own right, such as Raimundo Saporta.
He then endevoured to build what would become the stadium that today bears his name, at the time the largest stadium in all of Europe. At the time, it was remarked as being "too much of a stadium for so little a club". The Ciudad Deportiva, built so that the players could train without destroying the stadium's pitch, was also constructed during these years. Finally, he embarked upon an ambitious strategy of signing world-class players from abroad, the most prominent of them being Alfredo DiStefano, and built the world's first truly multinational side. During Bernabéu's presidency many of Real Madrid's most legendary names played for the club, including Alfredo Di Stéfano, Gento, Molowny, Miguel Muñoz, Kopa, Joseíto, Rial, Puskas, Amancio, Pirri, Netzer, Santillana, Amancio, Juanito, Stielike, Del Bosque, Camacho and many more.
他接著傾力于修建一座如今以他的名字命名的當時歐洲最大的體育場--聖地亞哥.伯納烏球場。當時，人們對這座體育館的評論是:"宏偉的球場對這樣一個小俱樂部來說顯得太奢華了。" 而同時期 Ciudad Deportiva訓練基地的建設，也讓球隊能夠在保持正常訓練的同時不會對伯納烏球場的草皮產生破壞。最後，伯納烏著手進行了一項極富雄心的戰略，從國外簽入了當時世界級的球星，他們之中的翹楚便是阿弗雷多.迪斯蒂法諾，並且真正意義上的組成了當時世界足壇上的第一支多國部隊。球隊歷史上一系列傳奇的名字都在伯納烏擔任俱樂部主席期間為球隊效力，包括迪斯蒂法諾，亨托，莫洛尼，穆尼奧斯，科帕，何塞伊托，裏亞爾，普斯卡什，阿曼西奧，皮裏，內策爾，桑蒂亞納，華尼托，斯蒂利克，德爾.博斯克，卡馬喬等等。
(Influence in Europe and Legacy )In 1955, acting upon the idea proposed by the L'Equipe journalist Gabriel Hanot and building upon the Copa Latina (a tournament involving clubs from France, Spain, Portugal and Italy), Bernabéu met in the Ambassador Hotel in Paris with Bedrignan and Gustav Sebes and created what today is known as the Champions' League. Under the administration of UEFA, it is the world's premier club tournament.伯納烏先生的功績
在1955年，按照法國隊報的加布裏埃爾.亞諾先生的構想，並在原有拉丁杯(一項由法國，西班牙，葡萄牙，義大利四國俱樂部球隊參加的賽事)的基礎上，伯納烏先生在巴黎的大使館與 Bedrignan and Gustav Sebes一道創立了現在作為歐洲冠軍聯賽被大家所熟知的這項賽事。在歐足聯的領導下，這項賽事成為了最頂級的俱樂部賽事。
Before dying, Bernabéu had been the club's president for 35 years, during which he won 1 Intercontinental Cup, 6 European Cups, 16 League titles, and 6 Spanish Cups. He died in 1978, while the World Cup was being played in Argentina. In his honor FIFA decreed three days of mourning during the tournament.
In 2002 he was posthumously awarded FIFA's Order of Merit.