伯納烏

伯納烏

伯納烏作為一名球員,在1912年加入了皇馬俱樂部並于1927年退役。1929年,他成為了皇馬俱樂部管理層的一員,擔任俱樂部官員直到1935年。1943年他被推選為皇馬俱樂部的主席並擔任此職直到1978年逝世。作為俱樂部主席,他被認為是皇家馬德裏所取得巨大成功背後的最重要力量。在職期間,他在查馬丁籌劃修建了一座新的球場,這座球場于1947年完成,並在1953年改名為聖地亞哥·伯納烏球場,以此紀念伯納烏先生對皇馬的貢獻。

  • 中文名稱
    伯納烏
  • 外文名稱
    Santiago Bernabéu Yeste
  • 國籍
    西班牙
  • 民族
    西班牙
  • 出生地
    西班牙阿爾巴塞特
  • 出生日期
    1895年6月8日
  • 逝世日期
    1978年6月2日
  • 運動項目
    足球
  • 所屬運動隊
    皇馬俱樂部
  • 主要獎項
    皇家馬德裏俱樂部的主席歐洲冠軍杯的創辦人國際足聯榮譽獎得主

人物經歷

伯納烏

Santiago Bernabéu Yeste was one of the single most important men in Real Madrid's history, and the one to whom credit can be given for transforming Real Madrid from the second most successful club in Madrid into the most successful in both Spain and Europe.

聖地亞哥·伯納烏·耶斯特是皇馬俱樂部歷史中最重要的人物之一,皇家馬德裏這個原本隻是馬德裏市第二成功的俱樂部,一躍成為了西班牙乃至整個歐洲最聲名顯赫的球會,正要歸功于他。

Bernabéu was born June 8 , 1895 in Almansa , province of Albacete , Spain and died June 2 , 1978 in Madrid . He was chairman of Real Madrid from 1943 to 1978. No other president kept the job for so long or led the club for so many titles as Bernabéu did.

伯納烏于1895年6月8日出生于西班牙阿爾巴塞特省的阿列曼薩,1978年6月2日逝世于馬德裏。他于1943年至1978年擔任皇家馬德裏俱樂部的主席,在皇馬歷史上,從來沒有一個人像他這樣長久的擔任著俱樂部主席並取得過如此之多的錦標。

Bernabéu first joined the club as player in 1912 . He retired from playing in 1927. In 1929 he joined the board of Real Madrid as secretary, job he would fulfill until 1935. In 1943 he was elected president, which he would remain until his death in 1978. As president of Real Madrid he is considered to have been one of the major forces behind the club's successes. He was responsible for the building of a large new stadium for the club in Chamartin. The stadium was finished in 1947 and renamed in 1953 in his honor: Estadio Santiago Bernabéu .

He was one of the creators of the European Cup, a competition which Real Madrid would dominate in its early stages thanks to the star players that Bernabéu had brought to the club. He died in 1978, while the World Cup was being played in Argentina . In his honor the FIFA decreed three days of mourning during the tournament. In 2002 he was posthumously awarded FIFA's Order of Merit.

伯納烏先生還是歐洲冠軍杯的創辦人之一,皇家馬德裏成為了這項錦標早期的霸主,這要感謝伯納烏引進的球星們。伯納烏先生逝世之際正值1978年阿根廷世界杯,國際足聯決定默哀三天以示悼念,在2002年,他被國際足聯追認為國際足聯榮譽獎得主。

青年時期

Born in Almansa (Albacete), the 8th of June, 1895, Bernabéu's family moved to Madrid when he was very young, and Bernabéu himself joined the Real Madrid junior ranks in 1909 at age 14, after being a regular spectator at their matches for years.

伯納烏先生年輕時伯納烏先生年輕時

1895年6月8日出生于阿列曼薩(阿爾巴塞特省),伯納烏的家庭在他很小的時候就遷往了馬德裏,而伯納烏在數年的觀看皇馬隊的比賽後,于1909年他14歲的時候加入了皇馬少年隊

In 1912 when the club moved to its new location on O'Donnell street, Bernabéu was one of the volunteers who helped lay the pitch and paint the fences. He went on to join the first team at age 17 and recorded over 1200 goals as a striker, as well as wearing the captain's armband for years, before retiring as a player in 1927. He continued to be associated with the club until 1935, first as a director, before becoming assistant manager and finally manager of the first team. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, professional football ceased to be played in Spain. During the war he fought as a solider for the nationalists under Franco and was decorated for bravery.

1912年,俱樂部遷往了在O'Donnell街的新址,伯納烏作為一名志願者,參與了球場的平整及圍欄的油漆工作。在他17歲的時候,伯納烏成為了皇馬一線隊的一員。在他1927年退役前,並作為一名前鋒在各類比賽中射入了1200多球,並在數年中擔任著球隊隊長。在退役後,他的職業生涯仍然和俱樂部聯系在一起,直到1935年。首先是俱樂部董事會的一員,接著相繼擔任了副經理和一線隊經理。在1936年西班牙內戰爆發後,職業足球聯賽停止了。在戰爭期間,伯納烏作為一名戰士在民族主義者的弗朗哥將軍麾下戰鬥並以其英勇表現而授勛。

戰後的成就

(Post-War Accomplishments)When the war ended and football began again in Spain, Bernabéu found in Real Madrid what was to all effects a dead club. The club's ground had been destroyed in the war; finances were non-existent; there was no team, managerial staff, or administration (several had been killed or disappeared during the war) and even some of the club's trophies from their early years had been stolen. What's more, at the time the establishment club was Atlético Madrid (re-named Atlético Aviación, the Air-Force's team) and Real Madrid received no government help in rebuilding. Bernabéu proceeded to spend the next several months finding and contacting former players, directors, and club members, eventually restructuring the club.

伯納烏先生伯納烏先生

當戰爭結束,西班牙足球聯賽重新開始,伯納烏發現皇家馬德裏俱樂部已經面目全非了。俱樂部的場地在戰爭中被毀,財產也不復存在,沒有球隊也沒有管理人員及行政部門(部分俱樂部人員在戰爭中被殺害或是失蹤了),甚至俱樂部早期獲得的一些獎杯都被盜了。更重要的是,那時的馬德裏競技是當局支持重建的球隊(當時被改名為空軍競技,是西班牙空軍財政支持的球隊),而皇家馬德裏沒有得到任何政府的幫助進行重建工作。伯納烏在接下來的幾個月時間裏一直聯系前俱樂部球員,官員及其他成員並最終重建了俱樂部。

In 1943, after fan violence following a Real Madrid victory over FC Barcelona the government imposed a salomonic solution, forcing the Presidents of both clubs to resign, and Bernabéu was elected President of Real Madrid - a position he would occupy until his death on June 2, 1978.

在1943年,一次皇馬取勝巴薩的比賽後,發生了嚴重的暴力事件。當局政府採取了國王建議的兩邊各打五十大板的解決方法。兩家俱樂部的主席都被勒令辭職。而伯納烏則被選舉為皇馬俱樂部的新主席,並一直擔任此職直到他1978年6月2日逝世。

Success did not come immediately, however. The club was still in very poor shape and other clubs, such as the aforementioned Atlético, Barcelona, and Athletic Club had very strong teams. In order to change this, Bernabéu began to implant his ideas, which can be described with hindsight as nothing short of visionary.

但是成功並沒有隨著伯納烏的上任而立刻到來。當時皇家馬德裏俱樂部的規模相較于上面提到的馬德裏競技,巴塞羅那,畢爾巴鄂競技等強隊而言,仍然顯得很小。為了改變這種現狀,伯納烏開始宣揚他對俱樂部建設的想法,這被當時一些短視的人認為簡直就是空想。

He restructured the club at all levels, in what would become the normal operating structure of professional clubs in the future, giving every section and level of the club independent technical teams and recruiting people who were ambitious and visionary in their own right, such as Raimundo Saporta.

他在各個層面上對俱樂部進行了改建,這讓皇家馬德裏在以後成為了一家具有標準組織結構的職業俱樂部。俱樂部在各個體育項目及年齡段組建了單獨的隊伍,並且招攬了一大批自身有著雄心壯志及美好理想的成員,如雷蒙德.薩波爾塔。

He then endevoured to build what would become the stadium that today bears his name, at the time the largest stadium in all of Europe. At the time, it was remarked as being "too much of a stadium for so little a club". The Ciudad Deportiva, built so that the players could train without destroying the stadium's pitch, was also constructed during these years. Finally, he embarked upon an ambitious strategy of signing world-class players from abroad, the most prominent of them being Alfredo DiStefano, and built the world's first truly multinational side. During Bernabéu's presidency many of Real Madrid's most legendary names played for the club, including Alfredo Di Stéfano, Gento, Molowny, Miguel Muñoz, Kopa, Joseíto, Rial, Puskas, Amancio, Pirri, Netzer, Santillana, Amancio, Juanito, Stielike, Del Bosque, Camacho and many more.

他接著傾力于修建一座如今以他的名字命名的當時歐洲最大的體育場--聖地亞哥.伯納烏球場。當時,人們對這座體育館的評論是:"宏偉的球場對這樣一個小俱樂部來說顯得太奢華了。" 而同時期 Ciudad Deportiva訓練基地的建設,也讓球隊能夠在保持正常訓練的同時不會對伯納烏球場的草皮產生破壞。最後,伯納烏著手進行了一項極富雄心的戰略,從國外簽入了當時世界級的球星,他們之中的翹楚便是阿弗雷多.迪斯蒂法諾,並且真正意義上的組成了當時世界足壇上的第一支多國部隊。球隊歷史上一系列傳奇的名字都在伯納烏擔任俱樂部主席期間為球隊效力,包括迪斯蒂法諾,亨托,莫洛尼,穆尼奧斯,科帕,何塞伊托,裏亞爾,普斯卡什,阿曼西奧,皮裏,內策爾,桑蒂亞納,華尼托,斯蒂利克,德爾.博斯克,卡馬喬等等。

影響

創立歐洲冠軍聯賽

(Influence in Europe and Legacy )In 1955, acting upon the idea proposed by the L'Equipe journalist Gabriel Hanot and building upon the Copa Latina (a tournament involving clubs from France, Spain, Portugal and Italy), Bernabéu met in the Ambassador Hotel in Paris with Bedrignan and Gustav Sebes and created what today is known as the Champions' League. Under the administration of UEFA, it is the world's premier club tournament.

伯納烏先生的功績伯納烏先生的功績

在1955年,按照法國隊報的加布裏埃爾.亞諾先生的構想,並在原有拉丁杯(一項由法國,西班牙,葡萄牙,義大利四國俱樂部球隊參加的賽事)的基礎上,伯納烏先生在巴黎的大使館與 Bedrignan and Gustav Sebes一道創立了現在作為歐洲冠軍聯賽被大家所熟知的這項賽事。在歐足聯的領導下,這項賽事成為了最頂級的俱樂部賽事。

皇家馬德裏俱樂部主席

Before dying, Bernabéu had been the club's president for 35 years, during which he won 1 Intercontinental Cup, 6 European Cups, 16 League titles, and 6 Spanish Cups. He died in 1978, while the World Cup was being played in Argentina. In his honor FIFA decreed three days of mourning during the tournament.

In 2002 he was posthumously awarded FIFA's Order of Merit.

在逝世前,伯納烏擔任皇家馬德裏俱樂部主席35年之久,在此期間,俱樂部獲得了一座洲際杯,6座歐洲冠軍杯,16個西甲聯賽冠軍,6座西班牙國王杯。在他逝世的時候,正值1978年阿根廷世界杯,為了表示對他的尊重,國際足聯決定默哀三天以示哀悼。在2002年,他被國際足聯追認為國際足聯榮譽獎得主。

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